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Promises inside a loop – Javascript ES6

In this article, we will see how to write a promise function inside a loop. Promises inside a loop – Javascript ES6

If you want to learn more about Javascript. check out this articles

Prototypal Inheritance – Javascript Weekly

Understanding Closures in Javascript – Javascript Weekly

Configuring Babel for Node/Express

Before jumping into the code, we will see why we need to write a promise function inside a loop.

Scenario

Consider a situation where you need to send mail to list of emails. you will write a function which can send a single email at once.

Let’s say that you have a list of emails like this

const emailList = ['ganesh@gmail.com','john@gmail.com','tarry@gmail.com']

Firstly, you write a single function which takes an emailId and send a mail to the corresponding mail.

function sendMail() {
  //Sending mail
}

you need to call the function as per the count of emails you have in the array.

you can think of, why can’t I call the function inside the for a loop. it will be simple ..right??.

No… that’s not going to work. because sending a mail is an asynchronous function. Loop will not wait until the previous function completes

So, there might be a chance of missing a function call or sending mail. To solve this problem, we need to use Promise.

Promises inside a loop – Javascript ES6

Firstly, write the email sending logic inside a function which returns a Promise.


const sendEmail = (userEmail) => {

  return new Promise(async (resolve,reject) => {
        //this is a mock email send logic
        setTimeout(() => {

            resolve(`Email Sent to ${userEmail}`);
        },3000)

  })
}

call the function inside the Javascript map() function and Promise.all

const  sendEmails = async () => {

    const userEmails = ['ganesh@gmail.com','john@gmail.com','Sam@gmail.com'];

    const status = await Promise.all(userEmails.map(email => sendEmail(email)));

    console.log("Status =>",status);

}

This is one of the ways with which you can call promise inside loops.

To sum up, Promises are one the powerful addition in Javascript ES6.Promises inside a loop – Javascript ES6

In addition, we will see more about Core Concepts of Javascript in upcoming articles. Stay Tuned.

Until then Happy Coding 🙂

ganeshmani009

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